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In contract law, a third party beneficiary is a person who may have the right to continue a contract when he or she was not an active party originally. This right, called ius quaesitum tertio[1], arises when the third party (tertius or alteri) is the beneficiary of the envisaged contract and not a mere random beneficiary (penitus extraneus). It gives the third party the right to sue either the promiser (promoter or performing party) or the promisor (stipulans or anchor) of the contract, depending on the circumstances in which the relationship arose. A random beneficiary is a party that can benefit from the performance of the contract, although this is not the intention of one of the parties. For example, if Andrew hires Bethany to renovate his house and insists that she use a particular house painter, Charlie, because he has an excellent reputation, then Charlie is a fortuitous beneficiary. Neither Andrew nor Bethany signed the contract with the particular intention of using Charlie. Andrew just wants his house to be properly renovated; Bethany just wants to get paid for the renovation. If the contract is breached by one of the parties in a way that makes Charlie never hired, Charlie has no right to recover anything from the contract. If Andrew promised to buy a Cadillac from Bethany and later relied on that promise, General Motors would have no reason to recover for the lost sale. The promisor can also sue the promisor for not having paid the third beneficiary. Under the Common Law, such actions were excluded, but the courts have since ruled that the promise of some performance of the contract could bring an action, unless the beneficiary had already sued the promisor. If the beneficiary of the promise has found himself in a debt to a creditor and the omission of the promiser to honor the claim has led to the promise being made liable for that debt, the promise to collect the amount of the debt may bring legal action. Third party, any person (including companies, partnerships, legal persons, churches, governmental authorities and authorities) that is not a party to the agreement.

They might define «person» in some way, as contracts sometimes do in the American style, but in most cases (if not all), it seems exaggerated and most likely it doesn`t contribute to the general understanding that once the rights of the beneficiary are non-existent, both original parties are bound to abide by the contract. All the efforts of the promise or promise to resign or amend the treaty at that time are null and void. Indeed, if the promisor changed his mind and offered to pay money to the promiser in order not to honor him, the third party could sue the promise for unauthorized infringement of the contractual rights of the third party. An assignment is about a person who is a party to a contract (the assignor) who transfers his or her rights to another person known as the ssionnaire. The secessioner can sue the contract directly against the person designated as a sin….