National support: Reducing trade-distorting measures is an important step towards a fair trade system. The EU has changed its domestic support system, which today mainly includes non-trade distortion measures. This has improved the functioning of the agricultural market and trade. The EU will continue to insist that other members do the same. The full text of the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures is available on the website of the OFFICE of Trade Agreements and Compliance (TANC) of the US Department of Commerce. TANC assists U.S. exporters facing trade barriers and ensures that foreign countries meet their trade commitments to the United States. You can contact the TANC by email. The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established in 1995 and is the cornerstone of a rules-based multilateral trading system. The WTO has 164 members (July 2019).
Their main activities are: during the six-year implementation period, developing countries are allowed, under certain conditions, to use subsidies to reduce marketing and export costs. The agricultural agreement prohibits export subsidies for agricultural products unless subsidies are on a list of commitments. Where mentioned, the agreement requires WTO members to reduce both the money supply they spend on export subsidies and the amount of exports that receive subsidies. Taking into account the 1986-1990 averages as a baseline, industrialized countries agreed to reduce the value of export subsidies by 36% over the six years from 1995 (24% over 10 years for developing countries). Industrialised countries have also agreed to reduce subsidized exports by 21% over the past six years (14% on a 10-year value for developing countries). The least developed countries do not need to make reductions. The EU will continue to promote multilateralism and international cooperation. The WTO and a rules-based and inclusive international trading system are essential for global food security and development.
As far as agricultural trade is concerned, the EU will continue to work towards a fairer and more transparent system. For the three pillars of the agriculture agreement, the EU has the following priorities: Introducing agricultural trade to the WTO Links to the agricultural department of the WTO guide «WTO Agreement» Cuts to agricultural subsidies and protection agreed during the Uruguay Round. Only the figures for the reduction of export subsidies appear in the agreement. Most of the subsidised exports notified to the WTO previously came from the European Union before being abolished as part of the 2013 CAP reform. In 2017, they fell to zero. However, it is important to take into account that a number of practices applied by our main competitors (for example, food aid. B, export credits and commercial so-ran enterprises) are not subject to WTO rules. The EU will now use export refunds in exceptional cases to overcome serious market crises.
The share of export refunds in the EU`s agricultural budget rose from 29.5% in 1993 (10.1 billion euros) to 10.1 billion euros in 2017, compared to 28 Member States (3.2.2).